Negative reinforcement (R-): The act of the dog removing a stimulus after a behavior occurs to increase the behavior. Usually something the dog will work to actively avoid and commonly seen with tools that elicit pain such as prong, choke, and shock collars ie: Pressue from a prong collar is removed when the dog sits down.
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As with any interpretation of animal body language it is important to take into context the surrounding environment and the individual animal’s training/behavior history when possible. Trainer Talk is a small-bite blog geared towards CATS clientele to improve their knowledge of training concepts and terminology they will hear throughout thier personalized training sessions.